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Native to Africa Weight: 130 - 260 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20-25 years Horns: both male and female (average 30", Trophy 36"+) Addax have broad, flat hooves with flat soles that help prevent them from sinking into the desert sand. In the winter, the coats are dark grayish-brown, and in the summer they become white. In warm weather, they dig deep depressions in the sand where they rest; their preference is underneath boulders that give shade and protection from the hot desert sun and wind.


Native to Africa Weight: 175 - 320 pounds Gestation Period: 6 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 10-15 years Horns: both male and female Aoudad are native to North Africa. Their long, thick, curved horns are impressive. Their hair is sandy brown with long beard type hair on the bottom of their necks and on the front of their front legs. The Aoudad stand 30-40 inches at the shoulder and weigh from 175 to 320 pounds. This is a magnificent animal which is usually mounted in a half body to show off its beautiful long flowing chaps down the front legs. Don't let its majestic look fool you; it is one of the most difficult exotic animals to harvest. They are also called Barbary Sheep but are closer related to a goat. The males have a strong scent, make grunting sounds, and have outstanding climbing ability.


Native to India Weight: 150-200 pounds Gestation Period: 7½ months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 9-13 years Antlers: Males only The Axis deer´s unique bright reddish coat marked with white spots makes it one of the most beautiful of all deer species. A large buck can weigh up to 250 pounds with a beautiful six by six antler configuration that is upwards of 30 inches or more. The antlers are not dropped in a specific season. Instead, the bucks shed their antlers on their birthdays with rut taking place from July to September. This makes the Axis the only deer where both hard-horned and velvet bucks exist at the same time. Cautious-natured Axis deer are elusive and can be a great challenge to even the experienced hunter. Axis meat is delicious.

Blackbuck Antelope

Native to India Weight: 70-90 pounds Gestation Period: 5 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 10-15 years Horns: Males Blackbuck antelope have a black coat with white under parts. The females and young males are yellowish-brown. The males are born light brown and then grow blacker on their backs as they grow older and in winter. Males stand about 32 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 70 and 90 pounds. Female blackbuck antelope are smaller, are beige or light brown, and do not have horns. Blackbuck antelope are some of the fastest animals on earth and can outrun almost any other animal over long distances. They can run almost 50 miles per hour when necessary.

Black Hawaiian

Weight: 130-160 pounds Gestation Period: 6 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 10-15 years There is some controversy on how the Black Hawaiian breed was started. Some say it is a cross of Mouflon and black hair sheep from the Hawaiian islands. Others say they are Barbados with a dilution of the red color gene making them black. The color of the ram is black with many rams having a little white on the muzzle around the nose and sometimes having an outer coat of reddish wool. The horns are usually dark and grow up, back, down, forward, up, and out. There are fewer Black Hawaiian rams than the other sheep species. They often have a thick, nice beard on their neck.

Bobwhite Quail

Native to America Weight: up to 1 pound Icubation Period: 23 days Number of young: 9-12 eggs Maximum Age: 5-10 years The popular Bobwhite Quail is a favorite of game bird breeders, hunters, and bird-lovers alike. Bobwhites are distinguished by a dark cap stripe behind the eye along the head, black in males and brown in females. The area in between is white on males and yellow-brown on females. The body is brown, speckled in places with black or white on both sexes. The Bobwhite’s song is a rising, clear whistle, bob-White! Or bob-bob-White! The call is most often given by males in spring and summertime. These plump little birds have the most widespread range of any quail species, with almost 20 subspecies ranging from Canada to southern Mexico.


Native to North America Weight: 800 - 2,200 pounds Gestation Period: 8 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20 years Horns: both male and female The buffalo are the largest mammal on the North American continent. Its two subspecies are the Plains Bison (flat backs) and the Wood Bison (large humped backs). The bulls utter a rumbling roar during mating season and posses an unpredictable nature. Bison lose their shaggy, dark brown winter coat for a lightweight, light brown summer coat. Bison can reach over 6 feet tall and 10 feet long weighing over 2,000 pounds. The heads and forequarters are massive, and both male and female have short, curved horns used for defense and fighting for status among the herd. They have amazing mobility, speed, and agility and are able to sprint at speeds of 30 mph. Today, bison are noted for their hides and meat, which is lower in fat and cholesterol than beef.

Catalina Goat

Native to Spain Weight: 130 - 210 pounds Gestation Period: 5 months Number of young: One, Two, or Three Maximum Age: 10-15 years Horns: both male and female The Catalina Goat is one of the most frequently hunted exotic game species as their horns grow extremely wide making very impressive trophy mounts. The Catalina goat was brought into the United States with the Spanish explorers who turned these goats loose on the coast of California on what is now known as the Catalina Island. They did this to have a fresh source of meat when they came inland to rest and relax. Catalina goats come in a variety of colors. This goat will be black, brown, reddish brown, or white; however, other colors are not uncommon. The outer hair is typically course, and both males and females may have a beard. The males have large horns that grow up and back from the head in large twists.

Corsican Ram

Native to West Indies Weight: 105 - 125 pounds Gestation Period: 6 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 12 years Horns: Males Originally from the West Indies, the Corsican will usually be brown with a light colored belly. Males will often have long black hair on the neck that many call a ruff. The horn configuration on a ram can vary from a tight curl similar to a Mouflon sheep or a wide and flaring horn configuration. Horn lengths on a trophy-sized animal start at about 30 inches, and exceptional specimens can grow horns that measure up to the 40 inch mark.

Eastern & Rio Grande Turkey

Rio Grand Turkey are native to Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Mexico Weight: 14-25 pounds Length: (bill to tail) 48"-50" Height: 36"-40" tall Number of young: 6-10 Wingspan: 50"-56" The turkey is the largest game bird in North America. The Rio Grande turkey is slightly smaller than the Eastern turkey. They are a stout bird with a bluish-gray naked head and pink neck. During courtship, the tom's head color can vary from white to light gray, deep blue or bright red depending on mood. The throat wattles are red, and the body is covered with iridescent feathers. A tom's tail fan is edged in light tan or buff. The rump is glossy black with the upper rump feathers (coverts) buff to cinnamon. The turkey hen is usually slate gray. It can travel up to 20 miles to find a nesting site. In the wild, turkeys are gregarious and winter in very large flocks. Turkey legs are pinkish to gray or black and males have spurs (females rarely have spurs). Although they do not have ear lobes or flaps to funnel in sound waves, hens and gobblers have acute hearing. They easily hear the calling of another turkey or a hunter and pinpoint the source of the sounds with remarkable precision. Slapping brush, heavy footsteps, or the metallic click of a shotgun's safety can send a gobbler ducking for cover.


South, East, and Central Africa Weight: 700 - 2,100 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 15-20 years Antlers: Males and Females The eland is one of the largest antelopes in existence. Its coat is tan, fawn or tawny colored, turning slightly bluish-grey on the neck and shoulders with age, and a short dark mane runs down the back of the neck. Both male and female common eland possess horns that rise with a slight twist, back from the head to sharp points. The horns of the male are more robust and bear more distinct ridges than those of the female. The massive adult males can also be recognized by the large fold of loose skin that hangs below the throat (the dewlap), and the patch of long, coarse, dark hair on the forehead. These features become respectively larger and bushier with age. The common eland has a fairly small and pointed mouth and muzzle, small, narrow ears, and a long tail with a tuft of black hair at the tip. A distinct clicking sound can be heard as the common eland roams around its habitat; this unusual and distinctive feature is believed to be the result of two halves of the hoof knocking together when the foot is raised, or by the movement of bones in the leg.


Native to North America Weight: up to 1100 pounds Gestation Period: 8½ months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 10-15 years Antlers: Males only Elk can be distinguished by their large size, brown or tan bodies, yellowish-brown tail, and rump patch. They have thick necks and slender legs and can stand as tall as 5 feet at the shoulder. Their long legs enable them to run fast. Males weigh from 600 to 1,100 pounds and have six-tined antlers that can grow up to 5 feet long. Antlers begin growing in early spring and fall off in winter. The females are smaller, about 400 to 500 pounds, and lack antlers. Mating season is in September and October. The location of the Elks’ eyes on their head allows them to see almost directly behind them. However, they have little depth perception, only in a small area in front of their nose. In addition to eating leaves and bark from trees, elk use seedlings to mark their territory. Males strip off bark with their antlers, and females pull off bark with their teeth. Then both males and females rub the seedlings with chins and muzzles to cover the plants with their scent. Elk can live in many different environments.

Fallow Deer

Native to Europe Weight: 140-275 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 10 - 12 years Antlers: Males only Prized as an ornamental species for many years, the fallow deer are seen in three different color phases; white, spotted, and chocolate. The coat becomes darker and thicker in winter, and the white spots can become more faint. Their palmated antlers with numerous points make fallow magnificent and popular trophy.


Native to Southwest Africa Weight: 400-600 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20 years Antlers: Both Male and Female The Gemsbok is a very striking animal with dramatic features and long spear like horns. It has a thick horse-like neck with a short mane that runs from the head to the shoulders and a compact, muscular body. The distinctive black and white face markings are said to have contributed to their name Gemsbok, given to them by the Boers, which means chamois. There is white around the nose and mouth, black on top of the muzzle, which joins a black band that runs from in front of the ear through the eyes and to the middle of the lower jaw. The ears end in a black tip, and there is a narrow black stripe down the spine, a black patch on top of the rump, and a black tail. There is also a black band that separates their gray-fawn colored flanks and the white under parts. All four legs are black on their top half, with white below the knees and black patches on the shins. Males and females are difficult to tell apart. Their horns are long and extend straight back from the head and diverge rather widely at the tips. Female horns tend to be more slender and slightly longer than males and are sometimes curved and more parallel. The tips are pointed and sharp, and native Africans used the tips for spear points. The horns are ringed but are smooth near the tips. The horns of the calves grow extremely fast, and when they emerge from concealment after birth, their horns are very evident. This has lead to the myth that a Gemsbok is born with horns.

Jacob's 4 Horn

Native to the Middle East Weight: 80 - 120 pounds Gestation Period: 5 months Number of young: One to Three, often twins Maximum Age: up to 15 years Antlers: Both Male and Female The Jacob´s Four Horned sheep is one of the oldest breeds of sheep and has been traced back to the Mediterranean area thousands of years ago. Although the exact country of origin is unknown, it is actually referenced in the Bible. Jacobs are long, wooly-bodied sheep with a triangular head and sloping rump. Both male and females are horned with the male horns being much larger. Their horns can grow in such unusual shapes and sizes that no two Jacobs ram horns are exactly alike, making for excellent one-of-a-kind trophies.

Longhorn Cattle

Native to North America Weight: 800-2000 pounds Gestation Period: 11 months Number of young: One (twins are rare) Maximum Age: 20-30 years Antlers: Both sexes The Texas Longhorn is a breed of cattle known for its characteristic horns which can exceed 7 feet tip-to-tip for steers. They are slim, long-legged cattle with light muscling, and each varies in coloring and markings. An individual animal may have areas of black, gray, brown and white. Others are mono-colored or have patches, spots or brindling. Their horns are impressively long, spreading outward, and growing in different shapes, including the much-desired "Texas Twist".

Merino Sheep

Native to Portugal and Spain Weight: 150 - 235 pounds Gestation Period: 5 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 10-15 years Horns: Both Male and Female The Merino (also called Rambouillet) is a large, attractive sheep best known for its beautiful white wool fleece. Throughout its existence, this breed has lived in a variety of different climates and adapted well to each of them. They are capable of living in both very hot weather like that of North Africa and Spain, and very cold weather like that found in parts of Germany. Merinos have a very strong flocking instinct, and they can be counted on to stay together, even in wide-open regions. Merino rams have some of the largest horns of all the exotic rams.


Native to West Asia, Europe, and Greece Weight: 125 pounds Gestation Period: 5 months Number of young: One to Three Maximum Age: 15-20 years Antlers: Both male and female The Mouflon sheep came from the islands of Sardinia, Corsica, and Cyprus and is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds. Mouflon are a reddish brown color, marked with a dark stripe down the neck and shoulders. The Mouflon stands about 27 inches tall at the shoulders and develops a woolly undercoat in the winter. The horns of a Mouflon ram are heart-shaped with trophy quality rams having horns of 30 inches or more. It's also distinguished by the saddle-looking white spot on its back. The sheep usually live in groups of 20-30 and use the curved horns to protect themselves. A mountain sheep and a grazer, the animal warns other sheep by baaing in different tones.


Native to India and South Asia Weight: Males up to 650 pounds, Females up to 400 pounds Gestation Period: A little over 8 months Number of young: Twin births 60% of the time Maximum Age: 10-12 years in the wild Horns: Males The Nilgai is a large antelope that more resembles a horse than a bull in stature and body structure. Four to five feet tall at the shoulder, the Nilgai's shoulders are set higher than his hindquarters giving a long, slanting appearance. Born brown, male coat color changes to blue-gray or charcoal as animal matures but the females remain brown. The narrow rump patch and throat bib are white, as well as 2 patches above each ankle and 2 small spots on check and jawline. Males grow sharp, devil-like horns that grow up and curve slightly forward. Average horn length is 6 to 10". Horn bases become more triangular with age. Bulls have a unique "beard" of hair that hangs from their neck that seems to resemble that found on a male turkey. Nilgai meat is some of the tastiest in the world.

Painted Desert Sheep

Orginated in North America Weight: 80 - 120 pounds Gestation Period: 6 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 12 years Antlers: both male and female although male horns are larger The most recent addition to the Trophy Corsican Sheep scene is the Painted Desert sheep. These are Corsican sheep that are bi-, tri- and even quad-colored. Many consider this ram the most beautifully colored of all the exotic sheep. The Painted Desert Sheep is known primarily for the ram's ability to grow a trophy class set of horns. The rams will grow a luxuriant mane often beginning at the shoulders with a thick bib at the front of the neck.

Pere David's Deer

Native to China Weight: 300-500 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 20 years Antlers: Males only The Pere David's Deer, or Milou, as a species is totally extinct in the Chinese wild. A French missionary named Father Armand David first discovered these deer in the Chinese Emperor's hunting park south of Peking in 1865. He sent specimens to Europe the following year, and a breeding herd was later set up by the Duke of Bedford at Woburn Abbey. The entire Chinese herd was destroyed during the revolution in 1900, but the herd in England was successful and increased in size. Eventually their descendants found their way into parks and zoos. Some of the offspring found themselves on ranches in this country. This seeding of animals has grown into herds large enough to sustain a huntable population. The Pere David has a longish tail and stands about 45 inches at the shoulder. Their color is a reddish gray with a white underside and a white ring around the eyes. The antler configuration is different in the Pere David than in most deer. Their antlers have forked brow tines and long slender back horns sometimes with many points off them. They are the only deer to grow antler tines backwards. Many say these animals have the body of a donkey, head of a horse, hooves of a cow, neck of a camel, and antlers of a deer.

Ring-necked Pheasant

Native to Asia Weight: males 41-46 oz., females 31-34 oz. Length: 30"-66" Nesting Period: peak April-June Incubation Period: 23 days Mating: one male breeds many females Pheasant are large, colorful, long-tailed birds with short, rounded, and curved wings. Males are generally larger than females and are much more colorful. The tails are long and pointed, and the female's are shorter than the male's. The male has a brilliant green head and white neck ring; the bodies of both sexes are a soft brown pattern with an iridescent russet. The call is a loud crowing followed by a resonant beating of the wings. When the pheasant is alarmed, it flies off with a loud cackle. There are nearly 50 species and even more subspecies of pheasant. Pheasants originated in Asia and in North America and have been widely introduced to many areas for sport hunting. All but one species of pheasant are still found in Asia. Most pheasants have long, strong legs with four-toed and clawed feet. The legs and bill are adapted to scratching in the ground for food. When a pheasant senses danger, it prefers to use its legs to flee, because although they are able to fly swiftly, they cannot sustain flight for very long. Male Pheasants often have spurs which are used in battles for dominance.

Scimitar-horned Oryx

Native to Africa Weight: 220-400 pounds Gestation Period: 8½ months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 18 years Horns: Both sexes (average 30", longest 50") The Scimitar Horned Oryx lives in the arid plains and deserts of North Africa. They have long, back-curved horns and are light in color with dark patches on the face and legs. Oryx use their horns to protect themselves from predators, even spearing them to death. They are a threatened species that can be found in private herds in various parts of the world and thriving on game ranches in the southern parts of the USA.

Texas Dall

Hybrid native to Texas Weight: 75-160 pounds Gestation Period: 6 months Number of young: One or Two Maximum Age: 10-15 years Antlers: Both sexes (males up to 40") The Texas Dall Ram looks similar to the wild Alaskan Dall Ram, although the color of the Texas Dall can range from a milky white to a dull creamy white or peach color. A hybrid sheep that originated in Texas, it is believed to be a cross between an Alaskan Dall and a Mouflon and this striking sheep is usually completely white. Their huge horns grow up, out, down, forward, up, and out. This beautiful ram is one of the most popular hunting trophies of all the exotic sheep.

Water Buffalo

Native to Asia Weight: 1500-2400 pounds Gestation Period: 10 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 15-25 years Horns: Both Male and Female The Water Buffalo is usually black or gray in color. The horns sweep out and up much like the cape buffalo. Living up to their name, water buffalo are apt to completely submerge themselves under water for a minute or longer. They are the largest members of the Bovini tribe, which includes yak, bison, African buffalo, and various species of wild cattle. The strength and power of this magnificent animal is incredible, and they stand well over 5 feet tall at the shoulder. Both male and female water buffalo wear the species’ signature backward-curving horns, although the females’ horns are significantly smaller. Water buffalo are considered dangerous game, which makes hunting them one of the most thrilling experiences the hunting world has to offer.


Native to Africa Weight: 1200 - 1600 pounds Gestation Period: 9 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20 years Horns: Both Male and Female Watusi cattle originated centuries ago in Africa and are known for their incredible horns not only because of the length but also for the thick circumference. The animals' large horns are honeycombed with blood vessels, and are used to thermo-regulate in hot temperatures. Blood moving through the horns is cooled by moving air, and then flows back into the body and lowers the animal's body temperature. Newborn calves weigh just 30-50 pounds and remain small for several months. During the day, the calves sleep together, with an "auntie" cow nearby for protection. At night, the herd-members sleep together, with the calves in the center of the group for protection. The horns of the adults serve as formidable weapons against any intruders.


Native to North, Central, and South America Weight: 100-300 pounds Gestation Period: 6½ months Number of young: one or two, triplets are not uncommon Maximum Age: 8-12 years Antlers: Males only The most abundant big game animal in North America, the whitetail deer is named for its signature tail and white underparts. According to scientists, there are actually 38 sub-species of whitetail deer. A favorite with hunters for the trophy racks, whitetail can be elusive, running up to 40 miles per hour and able to clear an 8 foot hurdle. Whitetail antler growth is usually complete by the end of August, and the speed at which their antlers grow makes them the fastest growing structures in the animal kingdom. A whitetail buck sheds his antlers every year, usually between late December and February. The members of the deer family are ruminants, having a four-compartmented stomach, which allows the deer to feed very rapidly. Not having a gall bladder allows them to eat vegetation that would kill domestic animals.

White-bearded Wildebeest

Native to Northern Tanzania and Kenya Weight: 325 - 600 pounds Gestation Period: 8½ months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20 years Horns:Males and Females There is no other antelope like the wildebeest. It looks like it was assembled from spare parts – the forequarters could have come from an ox, the hindquarters from an antelope, and the mane and tail from a horse. The antics of the territorial bulls during breeding season have earned them the name "clowns of the savanna".
The species that forms the large herds of the Serengetis-Mara ecosystem of Tanzania and Kenya is variously known as the brindled, blue- or white-bearded gnu. Scientists do, however, make a distinction and list the blue as a separate race restricted to southern Tanzania. The wildebeest described here is the white-bearded of southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
The head of the wildebeest is large and box-like. Both males and females have curving horns, that are close together at the base, but curve outward, inward and slightly backward. The body looks disproportionate, as the front end is heavily built, the hindquarters slender and the legs spindly.
The wildebeest is gray with darker vertical stripes that look almost black from a distance. This species has a dark mane and a long tail. Newborns are a yellowish-brown, but change to adult color at about 2 months.


Native to Asia Weight: 1200 pounds Gestation Period: 8½ months Number of young: One Maximum Age: 20-25 years Antlers: Both sexes The yak is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of South Central Asia and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. Wild yak are commonly called the Chinese buffalo with a head and body length of 9 to 11 feet. They usually travel in herds of between 10 and 30 animals. Yak are insulated by dense, close, matted under-hair as well as their shaggy outer hair and secrete a special sticky substance in their sweat which helps keep their under-hair matted and acting as extra insulation. This secretion is used in traditional medicine. So many wild yak have been killed for food by hunters in China that they are now a vulnerable species.


Native to Africa Weight: 390-850 pounds Gestation Period: 12 months Number of young: One Maximum Age: up to 40 years Antlers/Horns: None No animal has a more distinctive coat than the zebra. Each animal´s stripes are as unique as fingerprints. No two are exactly alike, although each of the three species (Grant's, Grevy's, and Hartman's) has its own general pattern. Zebras have shiny coats that dissipate over 70 percent of incoming heat, and some scientists believe the stripes help the animals withstand intense solar radiation. The black and white stripes are a form of camouflage called disruptive coloration that breaks up the outline of the body. Although the pattern is visible during daytime, at dawn or in the evening when their predators are most active, zebras look indistinct and may confuse predators by distorting true distance.